Chinese and Scottish animals

1. Let's compare animals

Let's compare some Chinese and Scottish animals. This book will look at an example of a mammal, a bird, a reptile and an amphibian from each country. What is a mammal, bird, reptile and amphibian? 

Mammal - an animal with body covering of hair, breathes through lungs and usually gives birth to live babies. (There are a group of mammals called monotremes which lay eggs but all mammals do get their first food from mum. There are no monotremes in China or Scotland.)


Bird - an animal with body covering of feathers, breathes through lungs and lays hard shelled eggs. 



Reptile - an animal with body covering of dry scales, breathes through lungs and lays soft shelled eggs. (There are some snakes that appear to give birth to live young but actually the baby grows in a soft shelled egg, which has been kept warm inside mum.)


Amphibian - an animal with body covering of just plain skin, breathes through gills when young and lungs when adult and lays jelly-like eggs. (There is an amphibian, the axolotl, that breathes through gills even as an adult but they don't come from China or Scotland.)


Fish are the other group of vertebrate animals (animals with a backbone) and there are many fish in both China and Scotland but this lesson does not include the fish group. There are also many invertebrate animals (animals without a backbone) in both countries which are not being studied in this session.